25 Top Australian Dishes and Foods to Eat

Australian dishes blend indigenous elements with global influences, featuring diverse culinary traditions.

Lastest Updated April 19, 2024
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Basic Information

Australian Food: Basic Overview

Common Ingredients

Meats (lamb, beef, chicken), seafood, dairy products, seasonal fruits, vegetables

Common Cooking Methods

Grilling, baking, deep-frying


Appetizer, main course, desserts


Breakfast, lunch, dinner

Key Taste

Savory, sweet

Eating Etiquette


Meal Presentation

Typically use knives and forks for most meals; often informal with barbecues or outdoor events where eating with hands is acceptable.

Culinary Festivals

Christmas, Easter, New Year, birthdays

Influence and Fusion

Multicultural influences including British, European, Asian, Middle Eastern, and Indigenous Australian
Origin and Region

Australian Food: Origin and Region



Cuisine’s Geographical Territory

Australia Map
Ingredients and Preparation

Popular Types of Australian Food

  • Grilled and Barbecued Dishes

    Australians often use fresh, locally sourced meats and seafood for grilling and barbecuing.

    These dishes are ideal for outdoor cooking, especially during the warmer months.

    Locals’ emphasis is often on the natural flavors of the food, with seasoning used to complement rather than overpower.

  • Cakes and Pastries

    Fruits, nuts, and dairy products are common ingredients for these dishes, which are sourced locally.

    These delights are often enjoyed during afternoon tea, a tradition that reflects the British influence on Australian culture.

    Plus, certain cakes and pastries are associated with celebrations or holidays.

  • Casseroles and Bakes

    These dishes are often considered comfort food. They’re especially popular in the cooler months.

    The ingredients and styles of these dishes vary widely, reflecting the multicultural influence on Australian cuisine.

Australian dishes reflect a mix of indigenous ingredients and global influences, such as European delights, Asian culinary masterpieces, and Indigenous cultures.

Renowned for its use of diverse, fresh ingredients, from native “bush tucker” like macadamia nuts and Kakadu plum to a wide variety of meats and abundant seafood, each food showcases Australia’s culinary diversity.

Many popular dishes are hearty meals and sweet indulgences while embracing the local produce and multicultural heritage.

In the reading, you can have a deeper look at 25 common specialties of Australians. Then, don’t miss out on key characteristics and drink pairing of these delights.

So let’s jump into these 25 popular Australian dishes now!

First, let’s discover what traditional Australian food is like.

  • Indigenous Ingredients: Australian food culture is influenced by its native flora and fauna, as well as ingredients like kangaroo, emu, and bush tomato, showcasing the Aboriginal heritage.
  • Bush Tucker: A term that refers to the vast array of plant and animal foods native to Australia. This includes fruits like quandong and finger lime, nuts like macadamia, and meats from animals such as the goanna and witchetty grub.
  • Seafood Tradition: Australia is also famous for its fresh seafood, with its vast coastline providing a rich source of marine life. Common ones are abalone (occupy 55% of global wild-caught production), lobster, oyster, and many fish varieties.
  • Barbecue Culture: Outdoor cooking, especially barbecuing, is a favorite tradition, featuring steaks, sausages (snags), and seafood.

Next, let’s turn our attention to the worldwide popularity of Australian cuisine.

Here are two key reasons that spread the popularity of these foods to the world.

  • International Cuisine Incorporation: Australian native foods used to be unknown outside Australia. Nowadays, they have appeared in high-end global cuisine with ingredients like Lemon Myrtle, Anise Myrtle, and Riberry. These native plants can be used in everything, from desserts to savory sauces​.
  • Modern Australian Cuisine: Often referred to as “Mod Oz,” this culinary style represents a fusion of the country’s multicultural influences, indigenous ingredients, and contemporary culinary techniques. It has increased the recognition of Australian cuisine in other countries.

Are they healthy for humans? Keep reading to learn more about this topic!

Australian food is considered healthy due to various factors, such as its nutritional benefits and overall impact on well-being.

  • Fresh Produce: Australia’s vast agricultural land and favorable climate conditions allow fresh fruits and vegetables to be cultivated. These foods are rich in essential vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber.
  • Daily Diet: The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating promotes a balanced diet, including consuming five major food groups: fruits, vegetables, grains, lean meats, and dairy (or alternatives) in their daily meals.

Now, let’s get ready to explore the top delicacies in Australia with some fascinating information.

25 Most Popular Australian Dishes with Filters

Australian cuisine presents impressive flavors, and these 25 popular dishes are the best examples. Utilizing advanced filters, you can easily navigate through a list based on name, main ingredients, taste, cooking methods, dish types, and more.

From the most popular to traditional, national, exotic dishes, or even the favorite street food offerings, they will impress you!

  • They are beloved dishes that include fresh seafood, succulent meats, and vibrant, fresh produce.
  • Some dishes also incorporate elements from its British heritage along with Asian, Mediterranean, and indigenous influences.

Vegemite, meat Pie, barramundi, and pavlova are national dishes that hold a special place in the hearts of Australians.

  • Exploring traditional Australian dishes provides insight into the country’s culture and history.
  • These dishes showcase the best of Australia’s culinary traditions by emphasizing local ingredients and simple yet innovative cooking methods.

Street food in Australia typically consists of savory pies and sausage rolls.

Australian exotic dishes use unique ingredients like kangaroo, emu, crocodile meat, and bush tucker foods like wattleseed and finger lime.

Breakfast Vegemite


  • National
  • Traditional

Vegemite is an Australian thick, dark brown food spread made from brewer’s yeast extract, which is a by-product of beer production, and vegetable and spice additives.

The texture of the paste is smooth with a salty and slightly bitter taste. It has a distinctive aroma that is strong and savory, which is often compared to soy sauce or meat extract.

Vegemite is commonly spread on bread, crackers, or toast, with Vegemite on toast considered an Australian national dish. This food is also used as a flavoring for soups, stews, and gravies.

In the United Kingdom, Marmite is a similar thick dark brown spread. However, Marmite has a burnt brown color with a sticky texture, while Vegemite is darker in color with a thicker consistency.

Meat Pie

Meat Pie

  • National
  • Street Food
  • Traditional

Meat pie is a popular takeaway snack in Australia, which is also a national dish in the country.

It’s palm-sized with a flaky layer outside and a juicy filling containing minced meat, gravy, mushrooms, onions, and cheese. The meat used in the pie varies, with ground beef being the most common one.

You can find meat Pie everywhere throughout this country, from small unbranded outlets to huge branded bakeries and restaurants!

Fish N Chips

Fish and Chips

  • Street Food
  • Traditional

As its name suggests, Fish and chips basically include battered and deep-fried fish and French fries (aka chips).

The most popular types of fish for fish and chips in Australia include barramundi, flathead, snapper, flake, hoki, and whiting. The fish is coated in a light, crispy batter, often made from flour, beer, and baking powder, providing a golden crunch with flaky flesh fish inside.

It was originally an iconic British dish before becoming popular worldwide. The first shop selling Fish ‘N Chips was by a Greek migrant named Athanasias Comino, who opened it in 1879.

Nowadays, there are approximately 4000 Fish ‘N Chips shops all around Australia. It is also a really popular name on the menu of most pubs and eateries in this country.

Grilled Barramundi


  • National
  • Traditional

Barramundi, also called Asian sea bass, is a staple food in many coastal regions of Australia. With a delicate, sweet flavor and a buttery texture, this fish has become a popular choice for many dishes, including grilled, baked, or fried delights.

They are especially common in making fish and chips. Plus, barramundi has a low content of calories with a large amount of omega-3 and vitamins.

Chicken Parmigiana

Chicken Parmigiana

  • Traditional

Chicken parmigiana is a favorite Australian poultry dish, including chicken breast coated in breadcrumbs and dipped in tomato sauce and cheese.
In this nation, its name may vary due to the region. The most well-known variants are “Parmi,” “Parma,” and “Parmy.”

You can order a dish of chicken parmigiana as a staple of pub food. It’s normally served with chips and salad as a side or along with a glass of beer.

Barbecue Snag

Sausage Sizzle

  • Street Food
  • Traditional

Sausage sizzle is an Australian sausage typically made from pork, beef, or mutton, seasoned with common spices like salt, paprika, and pepper.

Sausage sizzle also refers to a community event or fundraiser in Australia where sausages (“snags”) are grilled on a barbecue and served in hot dog buns with grilled onions and sauces (tomato sauce, mustard, BBQ sauce, etc.).

Quick fact: The term “snag” comes from the British slang word “snaggle,” which means sausage. And “sausage sizzle” has also been used to call the barbecue snag itself since the 1980s.

Pavlova Dessert


  • National
  • Traditional

Pavlova is a famed dessert in Australia made from egg whites and baked in a slow oven for a crisp crust outside.

This baked item is traditionally topped with whipping cream and tasty Australian fruits, most of which are berries.

It is named after Anna Pavlova, a renowned Russian ballerina. It was first a simple cream cake without an official name until the 1920s when it celebrated the dancer’s tours to Australia and New Zealand.

Pavlova is often popular during summertime or on special occasions, especially on Christmas. But you can always find it in many supermarkets or bakeries around the country any time of the year.

Lamington Cake


  • Traditional

Lamington is an Australian square sponge cake or butter cake bathed in chocolate sauce and sprinkled with desiccated coconut.

The original version of Lamington includes cream or strawberry jam filling in between the cake layers.

Lamington is light and fluffy in texture, with a slightly crumbly and moist interior. The outer layer of the chocolate sauce gives it a rich and sweet flavor, while the coconut adds a subtle nutty taste.

Lamington was named after Lord Lamington, the Governor of Queensland, in the final years of the 19th century. Today, this country even has a National Lamington Day, which occurs annually on 21 July.

Anzac Biscuit

Anzac Biscuit

  • Traditional

Anzac Biscuit is a classic Australian cookie made from rolled oats, flour, butter, sugar, golden syrup, and coconut. The biscuits are known for their crunchy exterior and chewy interior.

They were originally made by the wives of soldiers during World War I and sent to the ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) troops because they kept well during naval transportation.

Kangaroo Meat

Kangaroo Meat

  • Exotic
  • Traditional

Kangaroo has become a favorite meat of indigenous Australians. Its meat is a kind of uniquely lean red meat with a firm and dense, yet surprisingly delicate.

Australians cook kangaroo meat like other types of meat: they can marinate and sauté or make it into a steak. Moreover, it’s available in supermarkets across the country.

This meat type is also super low in fat content.

Emu Meat

Emu Meat

  • Exotic
  • Traditional

Emu is the largest flightless bird native to Australia. It’s a great source of protein in Australian cuisine, which tastes somehow like beef or lamb.

Unlike other types of poultry, Emu meat has a deep red color, similar to beef. Locals serve emu in many different ways. They can make it into steaks, wrap it with burger buns, or make meatloaf.

Finally, emu meat is also considered to be a healthy choice, as it is low in fat and high in protein.

Fairy Bread

Fairy Bread

  • Street Food
  • Traditional

Fairy bread is a beloved dessert in Australia, especially popular at children’s birthday parties.

It contains slices of white bread coated with butter and topped with solid layers of tiny rainbow-colored chocolate balls called “Nonpareils” or “Hundreds and Thousands.” The bread is typically cut into triangles, making them easy to handle and fun to eat.

Everyone from young to old in Australia adores the bread so much that this country even has a special day to celebrate this dish on 24th November annually!

Chiko Roll

Chiko Roll

  • Street Food
  • Traditional

Chiko Roll is another typical savory snack in Australia. The filling is mainly made from minced meat, barley and cabbage, carrot, and celery, and wrapped in a floured pastry.

The roll is then deep-fried and often enjoyed with a side of tomato sauce. It’s reminiscent of a spring roll, but larger and with a thicker pastry wrap.

Chiko Roll has a significant relationship with the surf culture of the people here. They sell it at the fish and chips shops or the corner kiosks by the beach for surfers to enjoy after a long surfing day!

Damper Bread


  • Street Food
  • Traditional

Damper bread is an Australian soda bread that has been enjoyed for centuries, particularly by swagmen, drovers, and stockmen, who used to make it while camping in the outback.

The bread is made from just a few simple ingredients, including flour, salt, water, and sometimes milk. The dough is shaped into a round or oblong loaf and baked in a hot oven until golden brown.

The texture of damper bread can be dense and chewy, similar to a rustic loaf of bread. Its taste is subtly savory, with a slightly nutty flavor.

The bread pairs well with dishes, particularly soups, stews, and other hearty meals. It’s also commonly served with butter, honey, or jam as a simple snack or breakfast.

Tim Tams

Tim Tam

  • Traditional

Tim Tam is the brand of the all-time favorite chocolate biscuit of Australians. There are different flavors as well, such as dark or white chocolate, chocolate mint, chocolate orange, caramel, and honeycomb.

There is an enjoyable activity using Tim Tam called Tim Tam Slam! Using Tim Tam as a straw, a person will drink a hot beverage, such as hot cocoa.

Regarding its origin, Arnott’s, the famed Australian biscuit company, first introduced Tim Tam in 1964. It was also the creation of Arnott’s former food technology director.

Beetroot Burger

Beetroot Burger

  • Fusion
  • Street Food

Beetroot burger is a unique Australian burger with the inclusion of a thick, juicy slice of beetroot, adding a sweet and earthy flavor along with a vibrant pop of color.

It also comes with other components, such as cheese, bacon, beef patty, fried eggs, avocado, pineapple, or grilled onions.

In Australia, burgers with beetroot reached their peak of popularity in the mid-20th century.

Dagwood Dog

Dagwood Dog

  • Fusion
  • Street Food

Dagwood dog is the Australian version of hot dog sausage on a stick. The locals usually dip the sausage in corn-based or wheat-based batter and then bring them to deep fry in boiling oil. They will then serve this hot dog with some ketchup as a dipping sauce.

Dagwood Dog originates from American cuisine. In Australia, you can also find Dagwood dog under the names “pluto pup” or “dippy dog.” Its name also varies due to regional areas.

Don’t be mistaken between Dagwood dog and battered savv (battered sausage)! The latter is a saveloy sausage that is deep-fried in a wheat flour-based batter, while the former is a hot dog sausage on a stick that is dipped in batter and deep-fried in hot oil.

Witchetty Grub

Witchetty Grub

  • Exotic
  • Traditional

Witchetty grub is a traditional food in indigenous Australian culture. It’s the larva of the cossid moth, found in the roots of the Witchetty bush that grows in central Australia.

In appearance, it’s plump and white and can be eaten raw or lightly cooked. When raw, the texture and taste are often compared to almonds. When cooked, the skin crisps up, and the inside becomes light and fluffy, resembling a scrambled egg.

Golden Gaytime Ice Cream

Golden Gaytime

  • Traditional

Golden Gaytime has many flavors for you to choose from! From the basics like strawberry and chocolate to more signature flavors like Unicorn, Piña Colada, Krispy Kreme, Birthday Cake, etc., you can pick anything you like or even combine them.

It was first released in 1959 and has maintained popularity ever since. It is a toffee wrapped in vanilla biscuit crumbs.

Iced VoVo

Iced VoVo

  • Traditional

Iced VoVo is an Australian biscuit with a sweet biscuit base, topped with two strips of pink fondant icing and a central strip of raspberry jam, then sprinkled with desiccated coconut.

The biscuit is often enjoyed with a cup of tea or coffee and is commonly found in supermarkets and cafes throughout Australia.

Pikelets Fresh


  • Traditional

Pikelet is simply the Australian version of pancakes, but they are much thicker and smaller than the original edition from France.

The recipe for Pikelet is nearly the same as American pancakes with baking powder, milk, eggs, sugar, and self-raising flour. Compared to the American pancake, Pikelet’s batter is somewhat thicker. Therefore, when it rises on the pan, it becomes heavier.

The toppings of Pikelet also include the most basic food items like jam, fruits, whipped cream, syrup, sugar, chocolate sauce, or whatever you like. Aussies like to have Pikelet in morning or afternoon tea.

Modern Cruffin


  • Fusion

Cruffin is an Australian pastry combining the best qualities of a muffin and a croissant. This delightful treat features the flaky, buttery layers of a croissant, artfully shaped into the familiar, cup-like form of a muffin.

The outer crust is crisp and golden, giving way to a soft, tender interior that often comes filled with various flavors like jam, cream, or custard.

The cruffin is typically dusted with sugar and can be enjoyed as a decadent breakfast or with tea.

Yo-Yo Biscuit

Yo-Yo Biscuit

  • Traditional

Yo-yo biscuit is a classic dessert in Australia that is popularly served during tea time or with coffee. The “biscuit” part consists of custard powder, icing sugar, butter, vanilla, and flour, while the filling includes a 3-ingredient buttercream.

Custard powder is the secret weapon of Yo-yo biscuits since it makes the biscuits creamier and tastier than typical baking powder. It also gives the sweet treats a beautiful yellowish color.

It is called Yo-yo for the appearance that looks pretty similar to the old version of the yo-yo toy.

Sausage Roll

Sausage Roll

  • Street Food
  • Traditional

Sausage roll is the perfect kick-off for a new day among many Australian breakfasts! The cook will wrap fresh sausages from beef or pork with a flaky dough cover to create palm-sized buns and bring them all to bake in an oven.

Aussie will serve sausage roll with unique condiments such as barbecue dipping sauce or kewpie mayonnaise. It can be a convenient lunch or snack for your kids to enjoy during break time in school, making it a favorite pastry of Australian children!

Continental Roll Sandwich

Continental Roll

  • Fusion
  • Street Food

Continental Roll, or Conti Roll, is another typical sandwich in Australian cuisine that adapts to Italian sandwiches. People will fill the bread roll with mixed meat (salami, mortadella, and coppa), cheese, dried tomatoes, pickled eggplants, beetroots, or carrots.

Locals usually sell it at lunch bars and delis. Furthermore, the Continental Roll is more popular in Perth, where it is considered an institution.

What Are the Influencers of Australian Dishes?

Below are four key characteristics that you should know about what has influenced Australian cuisine.

  • European Settlers and Colonization: With the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788, European (predominantly British) culinary traditions were introduced. The early settlers’ diet consisted mainly of bread, salted meat, and tea, supplemented with native food sources. This period marked the beginning of agricultural development in Australia.
  • Multicultural Immigration: Post-World War II, Australia saw waves of immigration from Asia, the Mediterranean, and the Middle East, bringing with them food cultures. This mix blends European techniques with Asian tastes and highlights Italian, Greek, and Spanish impacts through staples like olive oil, garlic, tomatoes, and herbs in Australian cooking.
  • Asian Influences: Significant immigrants from China, Vietnam, Thailand, Japan, and other Asian countries have introduced spices, herbs, and cooking techniques to Australian food. Chinese culinary creations, in particular, has had a profound impact.

Next, check out some suitable drinks to complement these delicacies to enhance your meals’ quality.

What Beverages to Pair With Dish in Australia?

Here are some Australian drinks to pair with dishes in the country, organized by drink type:

  • Beer: They are ideal to go with sausage sizzles and barbecued dishes as the crisp and refreshing taste of beer perfectly complements the smoky flavors of these dishes.
  • Wine: It pairs well with hearty dishes like meat pie, fish and chips, etc.
  • Flat White Coffee: The creamy texture and rich flavor of flat white coffee is a perfect match for biscuits or small pastries.

Finally, if you find this article interesting and helpful, your like or share is highly appreciated. Also, leave me some comments below if you want to share your thoughts about these dishes. Thank you!

Jamie Scott

Jamie Scott

Editor in Chief, Senior Content Writer


Home Cooking, Meal Planning, Recipe Development, Baking and Pastry, Food Editor, Cooking-video Maker, Western Food Evaluation Expert


Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts

  • Program: Bachelor’s degree in Culinary Arts
  • Focus: Gained foundational knowledge in French and European culinary techniques. Participated in workshops and hands-on training sessions under the guidance of seasoned chefs.

Local Community College, New York, NY

  • Program: Associate’s Degree in Nutrition
  • Focus: Acquired basic understanding of nutrition principles, dietary needs, and the importance of balanced diets in daily life.

Jamie Scott is a skilled culinary expert and content creator specializing in Western cuisine. With over 15 years in the culinary field and formal training from Le Cordon Bleu, Paris, Jamie deeply understands how to blend nutrition with delicious flavors. His passion for cooking matches his commitment to making healthy eating accessible and enjoyable.

On Fifteen.net, Jamie brings a fresh perspective to classic dishes and beverages, offering readers insightful recipes, cooking tips, and a fresh view on meal planning that emphasizes taste, health, and simplicity.

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