Fruits

Fruits are a type of food with or without seeds, featuring the fleshy part boasting a wide range of colors, flavors, and textures.

Lastest Updated May 15, 2024
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Fruits are the mature ovary of flowering plants, typically containing seeds. Interestingly, nuts and grains are also classified as fruits botanically.

In a culinary context, they are usually sweet or tart in taste and are often eaten in their raw state. Fruits are celebrated for their juice, flavor, and ability to be used in desserts, snacks, and smoothies. 

Each country worldwide has a unique geographical condition and climate, making fruits vary differently. Additionally, people are one of the main factors that affect fruits in terms of species, cooking recipes, and flavors.

In this guide, I’ll explore everything about fruits. I’ll start with a rundown of the 100 most popular fruits globally and break them down by continent, region, and country.

Then, I’ll dive into the main types of fruits, their primary uses, and how they’re used in cooking, including specific dishes and drinks.

I’ll also look into some interesting comparisons: fruits that aren’t round, native versus non-native fruits, and the differences between fruits and seeds, as well as fruits and vegetables. Plus, I’ll discuss fruits that have seeds and those that don’t.

To wrap up, I’ll share insights on which fruits are actually considered vegetables, which countries are top fruit producers, and various lists of fruits sorted by alphabetical order, color, and type.

Let’s start now!

100 Most Popular Fruits Around the World

Below are 100 famous fruits worldwide, organized by how popular they are. You can use the filter function to find specific national fruit of a country, identify those that double as vegetables, or discover exotic varieties.

This list also helps you explore which fruits are commonly used in dishes, drinks, or as garnish.

Apple

Apple

  • Argentina
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Germany
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • South Korea
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Apple is a crunchy, sweet fruit available in various colors and flavors, often consumed fresh, in pies, or as cider.

Banana

Banana

  • Central African Republic
  • Cyprus
  • Egypt
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Banana is a soft, sweet, elongated fruit with yellow skin when ripe, usually enjoyed raw or used in baking.

Orange

Orange

  • Hungary
  • For Beverages
  • For Garnish

Orange is a citrus fruit with a thick, textured skin and juicy, segmented flesh. They are commonly eaten fresh or juiced.

Mango

Mango

  • Haiti
  • India
  • Pakistan
  • Philippines
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Mango is a tropical stone fruit with juicy, sweet flesh and a large seed, with people enjoying it in ripe and unripe varieties.

Watermelon

Watermelon

  • Turkmenistan
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Watermelon is a large and juicy fruit with green rind and sweet red flesh featuring black seeds or seedless.

Grapes

Grapes

  • Spain
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Grapes are small, juicy fruits grown in clusters, eaten fresh, and dried to make raisins. People even ferment them to produce wine.

Strawberry

Strawberry

  • Denmark
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes
  • For Garnish

Strawberry is a bright red, juicy berry with a sweet flavor and a fragrant aroma. It is used in desserts and eaten fresh.

Pineapple Jamaican

Pineapple

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Taiwan
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Pineapple is a tropical fruit with a spiky exterior and sweet, tangy flesh. The yellow flesh is eaten fresh, juiced, or cooked.

Lemon

Lemon

  • For Beverages
  • For Garnish

Lemon is a sour, yellow citrus fruit used for its juice in cooking and baking. Even its zest is used to add fragrance to dishes.

Jamaican Pear

Avocado

  • Mexico
  • For Dishes

Avocado is a creamy-textured fruit with green flesh and a large pit. The creamy flesh is used in salads, guacamole, and on toast.

Peaches Pooakivo

Peach

  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Peach is a soft fruit with fuzzy skin and sweet, juicy flesh, eaten fresh or used in desserts and jams.

Chinese Pear

Pear

  • France
  • North Korea
  • South Korea
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Pear is a sweet, bell-shaped fruit with a soft, buttery texture, it’s enjoyed fresh, canned, or as part of desserts.

Cherries Greek

Cherry

  • Albania
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes
  • For Garnish

Cherries are small, round, and sweet or tart fruits possessing a hard pit inside. They are commonly eaten fresh or used in cooking.

Kiwi Italy

Kiwi

  • China
  • Morocco
  • New Zealand
  • Exotic
  • For Beverages
  • For Garnish

Kiwi is a small fruit with brown, fuzzy skin and bright green, sweet-tart flesh. The fruit comes with tiny, edible black seeds, adding a slightly crunchy texture.

Lime

Lime

  • For Beverages
  • For Garnish

Lime is a green citrus fruit, smaller and more acidic than lemons. It’s used for its juice and zest in cooking and cocktails.

Papaya Malay

Papaya

  • Malaysia
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Papaya is a tropical fruit with orange flesh and hardy black seeds. The fruit is known for its butter-like consistency and digestive benefits.

Blueberries Chile

Blueberry

  • Canada
  • United States
  • For Beverages
  • For Garnish

Blueberry is a small, blue to purple berry, providing a sweet profile. The berry is often eaten fresh, or used in baking and preserves.

Coconut Jamaican

Coconut

  • Maldives
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Coconut is a large fruit with a hard shell, edible white flesh, and water inside. The fruit is used in various culinary applications, and it has brown or green colors depending on its maturity.

Raspberries Framboises

Raspberry

  • Nepal
  • For Beverages
  • For Garnish

Raspberry is a red, sweet, and slightly tart berry, eaten fresh, used in desserts, or processed into jams and jellies.

Pomegranate Chile

Pomegranate

  • Afghanistan
  • Azerbaijan
  • Iran
  • For Beverages
  • For Garnish

A pomegranate is a fruit with a tough, red outer skin and sweet, juicy seeds inside, consumed fresh or juiced.

Plum

Plum

  • Serbia
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Plum is a juicy fruit with a variety of colors and flavors. These fruits can have a semi-crunchy or soft texture, which is ideal for enjoying freshness or being used in cooking.

Apricot Ialbicocca

Apricot

  • Armenia
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Apricot is a small, orange fruit with velvety skin and a sweet, tangy flavor. The fruit comes with a hard pit encased by soft flesh.

Guava Malay

Guava

  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Guava is a tropical fruit with green skin, pink or white flesh, and edible seeds. Fresh guava is known for its sweet, aromatic flavor.

White Figs Fruit

Fig

  • Exotic
  • For Dishes

Fig is a sweet, soft fruit with thin skin, dense with tiny seeds, and consumed fresh or dried.

The Sweetness Of Lychee

Lychee

  • Exotic
  • For Beverages

Lychee is a tropical fruit with rough, red skin and sweet, fragrant, white flesh. This white fruit is canned to preserve its juicy nature and sweetness.

Passion Fruitshealthy Fruit

Passion Fruit

  • Exotic
  • For Beverages

Passion Fruit is a round, purple, or yellow fruit. It offers a juicy, seed-filled interior and a strong, sweet-tart flavor.

Cantaloupe

Cantaloupe

  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Cantaloupe is a type of melon with a netted skin and sweet, orange flesh. People often eat the flesh fresh to savor the raw sweetness of cantaloupe.

Honeydew Melon

Honeydew Melon

  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Honeydew melon is a sweet melon with smooth, pale skin and light green flesh, commonly consumed fresh.

Tomato

Tomato

  • For Dishes
  • Fruit Vegetables

Tomatoes are juicy fruits, known for their red color and soft texture when ripe. It’s commonly mistaken for vegetables enjoyed in many dishes.

Cucumber

Cucumber

  • For Dishes
  • Fruit Vegetables

Cucumbers are long, green fruits often used as vegetables, prized for their crisp texture and refreshing taste.

Thai Chili Pepper

Pepper

  • For Dishes
  • Fruit Vegetables

Peppers are, surprisingly, fruits that range from sweet to spicy. They’re used globally in cooking for their spicy flavor and color.

Aubergine

Eggplant

  • For Dishes
  • Fruit Vegetables

Eggplants are purple, spongy fruits with an ability to absorb flavors when cooked. Interestingly, it’s botanically classified as berries.

Blackberry

Blackberry

  • For Beverages
  • For Garnish

Blackberry is a dark purple, edible berry noted for its sweet and slightly tart flavor.

Dragon Fruits On Sackcloth

Dragon Fruit

  • Vietnam
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Dragon fruit is known for its vibrant pink skin and speckled, white flesh, offering a mildly sweet taste.

Species Of Persimmons

Persimmon

  • Japan
  • South Korea
  • Exotic
  • For Dishes

Persimmon is a sweet, orange fruit that softens and sweetens as it ripens. People tend to enjoy persimmon fresh or dried.

Tangerine

Tangerine

  • For Beverages
  • For Garnish

Tangerine is a small, sweet citrus fruit with a deep orange skin. It has segmented pieces filled with sweet and sour juice.

Mandarin Orange

Mandarin Orange

  • For Beverages
  • For Garnish

Mandarin orange is a type of small, sweet citrus fruit, often enjoyed fresh or in salads.

Jackfruit On Wooden Basket

Jackfruit

  • Bangladesh
  • Sri Lanka
  • Exotic
  • For Dishes

Jackfruit is a gigantic fruit, known for its size and sweet, aromatic flesh. In cooking, it’s used in both sweet and savory dishes.

Kumquat Is A Widely

Kumquat

  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes
  • For Garnish

Kumquat is a small citrus fruit with edible skin and a sweet, tart flavor. Its juice is often added to many drinks or to bring a sour touch to dishes.

Star Fruit

Star Fruit

  • Exotic
  • For Beverages

Star fruit has a unique star shape when sliced and offers a crisp texture with a sweet to tangy flavor.

Durian

Durian

  • Indonesia
  • Malaysia
  • Singapore
  • Exotic
  • For Dishes

Durian is distinctive for its large size, strong aroma, and rich, custardy meat. Often called the “king of fruits”, it has a strong pungent smell, making it banned in many places.

Rambutan Sweet Tropical Fruit

Rambutan

  • Exotic
  • For Beverages

Rambutan is a tropical fruit with a hairy shell and sweet, juicy flesh around a central seed.

Mangosteen Fruits On Wooden

Mangosteen

  • Thailand
  • Exotic
  • For Beverages

Mangosteen is a tropical fruit with a thick, purple rind and sweet, tangy flesh, known as the “queen of fruits.”

Soursop Hawaiian Tropical Fruit

Soursop

  • For Beverages

Soursop is a fruit with a green, spiky exterior and soft, fibrous flesh, offering a unique sweet and sour flavor.

Custard Apple

Custard Apple

  • For Dishes

The custard apple is a green fruit with segmented skin and sweet, creamy flesh with seeds.

Nectarine

Nectarine

  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Nectarine is a smooth-skinned fruit similar to peaches, with sweet, juicy flesh.

Cranberry

Cranberry

  • For Beverages
  • For Garnish

Cranberry is a tart, red berry used in sauces, juices, and dried snacks. The red fruit is rich in antioxidants.

Olive

Olive

  • Greece
  • For Dishes
  • For Garnish

Olive is a small, oily fruit used mainly for its oil and as a savory snack or garnish.

Blackcurrant

Blackcurrant

  • For Beverages
  • For Garnish

Blackcurrant is a small, dark purple berry with a tart flavor. People tend to turn blackcurrants into jams and juices.

Date

Date

  • Algeria
  • Saudi Arabia
  • United Arab Emirates
  • For Beverages
  • For Dishes

Date is a sweet, chewy fruit, often dried, used in a variety of culinary applications from snacks to desserts.

Bridging the gap between the general and the specific, let’s transition to detailed lists of fruits by continent, region, or country

List of Fruits by Continent, Region, Country

Fruits vary differently in terms of color, textures, and flavors around the world, with some nations even having national fruits that represent their culture. For that, you shouldn’t miss the chance to uncover the unique features of fruits in each country:

1 – 27 of 27 results
  • Haitian Fruits

    12 Delicious Haitian Fruits

  • Italian Fruits

    12 Top Italian Fruits to Try

  • South Korean Fruits

    13 Popular South Korean Fruits

  • Greek Fruits

    14 Popular Greek Fruits

  • Middle Eastern Fruits

    15 Popular Middle Eastern Fruits to Eat

  • Malaysian Fruits

    18 Famous Malaysian Fruits

  • Chinese Fruits

    18 Well-known Chinese Fruits

  • Mexican Fruits

    19 Common Mexican Fruits

  • Spanish Fruits

    19 Famous Spanish Fruits

  • Chilean Fruits

    19 Popular Chilean Fruits

  • Guatemalan Fruits

    19 Popular Guatemalan Fruits

  • Indian Fruits

    19 Popular Indian Fruits

  • Brazilian Fruits

    20 Famous Brazilian Fruits

  • Peruvian Fruits

    21 Popular Peruvian Fruits

  • Fruits Vegetables in Africa

    22 Common and Native African Fruits

  • Cuban Fruits

    22 Popular Cuban Fruits

  • Japanese Fruits

    22 Popular Japanese Fruits

  • Indonesian Fruits

    22 Typical Indonesian Fruits

  • Caribbean Fruits

    23 Most Popular Caribbean Fruits

  • Thai Fruits

    24 Typical Thai Fruits

  • Hawaiian Fruits

    27 Best Hawaiian Fruits to Try

  • French Fruits

    27 Famous French Fruits

  • Jamaican Fruits

    31 Most Popular Jamaican Fruits

  • European Fruits

    32 Common Fruits from Europe

  • Central American Fruits

    32 Native and Popular Central American Fruits

  • Vietnamese Fruits

    36 Popular Fruits from Vietnam

  • Asian Fruits

    39 Most Popular Asian Fruits

Afterward, it’s time for you to uncover the common types of fruits.

What Are the Classifications of Fruits?

When it comes to fruits, they have 4 main variants that you need to know:

Simple Fruits

Simple Fruits

Develop from a single ovary with a single flower.
Classified based on their texture at maturity into dry (which may release seeds) and fleshy (do not split open).

Aggregate Fruits

Aggregate Fruits

Form from a single flower with multiple pistils.
Each pistil forms a fruitlet, combining into the aggregate fruit.

Multiple Composite Fruits

Multiple (Composite) Fruits

Originates from a cluster of flowers.
Each flower in the cluster produces a fruitlet, which merge into a single mass as they develop.

Accessory Fruits

Accessory Fruits

Include tissues from parts of the flower other than the ovary.
They can be found in simple, aggregate, and multiple fruit classifications.

Remember, these variants of fruits are essential for you to know before diving deeper into more information relating to the topic. 

Besides these common variants, humans also influence these fruit types, creating many hybrid versions of fruits and even veggies to adapt to people’s needs. Some of the most common hybrid creations include ugli fruits, celtuce, brocolini, etc.

Also, you shouldn’t miss the various uses of these fruits in the culinary world.

What Are the Uses of Fruits?

Using fruits varies differently across the world, depending on many factors and elements. However, these are the common 7 ways that fruits are consumed:

Eating Fresh Fruit

Eating Fresh

Many fruits like apples, oranges, and bananas are eaten fresh. They are good for our health.

Fruit Making Food

Making Food

Fruits can be made into jams or jellies to spread on bread. They are also used in cakes, cookies, and desserts to make them tasty.

Fruit Making Drink

Making Drinks

People make juices and smoothies from fruits. Some fruits are even used to make alcohol like wine and brandy.

Fruit Cooking

Cooking

Some fruits, like tomatoes and peppers, are used in cooking. They might seem like vegetables, but they are actually fruits.

Oil Fruit

Oils

Fruits, like olives, are pressed to get oil, which is used in cooking and making things like soap.

Spice Fruit

Spices

Some spices come from fruits, like vanilla from vanilla pods and black pepper from pepper plants.

Fruit Gift

Gifts

Fruits are also used as gifts, often presented in baskets to friends or family.

Knowing the uses of fruits is only a small part of the world of this food source , as you need to know more about how they are utilized in the culinary world.

How Fruits Are Implemented in the Culinary World?

Fruits play a crucial role in the culinary world, their versatility allowing for a wide range of applications across various dishes and cuisines:

Fruit Main Ingredients

As Main Ingredients

Fruits are often used in dishes in their raw form to make use of their natural flavors and textures. Many dishes often revolve around vegetables as a main ingredient, followed by various spices or sides to complement the veggie flavors.

Fruit Garnish

For Garnish

People around the world utilize fruits differently, and garnishing is one of the most popular choices for decorating dishes. A slice of lemon on a seafood plate or a cherry atop a cocktail not only elevates the presentation but can also complement or contrast the flavors of the dish or drink.

Fruit Flavoring

For Flavoring

Fruits add unique flavors to dishes, both sweet and savory. Citrus fruits, like lemons and limes, can provide a refreshing acidity to balance a dish, while apples or pears can introduce a subtle sweetness to savory recipes.

Fruit Baking

In Baking

Fruits are fundamental to baking, contributing moisture, sweetness, and flavor to cakes, pies, and pastries.
Apples, berries, and citrus fruits are commonly incorporated into desserts. Fruits can be used fresh, canned, or dried, depending on the recipe and desired outcome.

Fruit Preserves Jams

In Preserves and Jams

Fruits like dates, bananas, and figs can act as natural sweeteners in recipes, offering a healthier alternative to processed sugars. They’re particularly popular in natural and health-conscious cooking and used in baking or smoothies for their sweetness and nutritional benefits.

Fruit Sweeteners

As Sweeteners

Fruits like dates, bananas, and figs can act as natural sweeteners in recipes, offering a healthier alternative to processed sugars. They’re particularly popular in natural and health-conscious cooking and used in baking or smoothies for their sweetness and nutritional benefits.

Fruit Fermentation

In Fermentation

Fruits are used in the fermentation process to produce alcoholic beverages like wines and ciders. The natural sugars in fruits ferment into alcohol, creating a wide variety of drinks and dishes based on the fruit used.

Fruits have proven essential in the culinary world due to their versatility, enabling their use in various recipes, from simple to complex, across diverse dishes and beverages.

What Dishes Use Fruits?

Fruits are a common addition to elevate the flavors of numerous dishes, adding depth, delicacy, and complexity to the culinary experience. Therefore, you should find out some fruits used in dishes to try out during your free time:

Fruit Salad

Fruit Salad

A refreshing mix of various fruits, often dressed with a light syrup or citrus juice.

Apple Pie

Apple Pie

A traditional American dessert featuring a spiced apple filling encased in a flaky pastry crust.

Banana Bread

Banana Bread

A moist, cake-like bread that incorporates mashed bananas for sweetness and flavor.

Dried Fruit

Dried Fruit

Fruits like apples, apricots, and dates are dried and consumed as a sweet, chewy snack.

Fruit Leathers

Fruit Leathers

Pureed fruit dried into thin sheets, offering a healthy alternative to candy.

Aside from the culinary creations that utilize fruits, refreshments are an interesting aspect that even employs more choices for you to explore.

What Are Drinks Made Using Fruits?

Compared with dishes, fruits play a more crucial role in creating the appeal and richness of beverages when they become the main ingredient in many drinks. These are 5 refreshment options that people often make using fruits:

Prosecco Poured

Wine

Wine is a product of fermented grape juice, with varieties ranging from sweet to dry, still to sparkling. Fruits like berries, peaches, or plums can also be used to make fruit wines.

Fruit Juices

Fruit Juices

Fruit juices are pure juices from fruits like oranges, apples, and grapes that are consumed worldwide for their refreshing taste and nutritional benefits.

Glasses Cider

Cider

Cider is an alcoholic beverage made from the fermented juice of apples. Pear cider, also known as perry, is another popular variant.

Lemonade

Lemonade

Lemonade is a classic beverage made from lemon juice, water, and sugar, known for its refreshing qualities.

Smoothies

Smoothies

Smoothies are a blended mix of fruits, often with yogurt or milk, offering a nutritious and refreshing drink option.

Next, you should learn about some fruit items that do not come with round shapes.

What Are Fruits That Are Not Round?

Aside from the signature round shape, many fruits break out from this common form to have unique appearances. Here are some iconic representatives:

Banana

Banana

Banana is a long and curved fruit with yellow skin when ripe. Some shorter banana varieties can even have simply a straight elongated shape.

Papaya Malay

Papaya

Papaya is a large, oval fruit with green to yellow-orange skin and contains many black seeds inside.

Pineapple Jamaican

Pineapple

Pineapple is a large, spiky fruit with tough, hexagonal-patterned skin and a cylindrical shape.

Mango

Mango

Mango is an oval to kidney-shaped fruit with smooth, green to yellow-red skin when ripe.